Senator Anyim Pius Anyim (born February 19, 1961) hails from Ivo, Ebonyi State, Nigeria. He is a Former Senate President of Nigeria and a former Secretary to the Government of the Federation (SGF).
As SGF, Senator Anyim was responsible for ensuring the effective coordination and monitoring of the implementation of Federal Government policies.
Before his appointment as SGF, Senator Anyim was elected as a Senator for Ebonyi South senatorial zone in 1999. In August 2000, he was appointed Senate President of Nigeria, a position which he held until 2003 when he declined to seek re-election to the Nigerian Senate.
Senator Anyim Pius Anyim attended Ishiagu High School, the Federal School of Arts and Science Aba, and Imo State University, Uturu (1983-1987). He served the nation for his Youth Service as the coordinator, Youth Mobilization Program in Sokoto State.
In 1992, Anyim was appointed as the Head of Protection Department at the National Commission for Refugees, Abuja.
After Ebonyi State was created in 1996 by the late Head of State, General Sani Abacha, Anyim decided to run for the Senate as a Senator from Ebonyi State. In 1998 he joined the United Nigeria Congress Party ( UNCP ) and won election to the Senate but the death of General Abacha on 8 June 1998 nullified the result.
During the transitional regime of General Abdulsalami Abubakar, Senator Anyim joined the PDP and again ran successfully for election to the Senate .
Senator Anyim took office in the Senate on May 1999 and was appointed by his peers as the President of the Senate in August 2000. He held the office until the end of the Obasanjo administration in May 2003, becoming the first President of the Nigerian Senate to have survived impeachment during the 1999-2003 political dispensation.
Senator Anyim led a very dynamic Nigerian Senate. In May 2001, Senator Anyim declared that the upper legislative house was justified in probing the activities of the Mines and Power Ministry during the tenure of Chief Bola Ige. In June 2002, under the leadership of Senator Anyim, the Nigerian Senate following a motion proposed by Senator Idris Abubakar attempted to impeach President Olusegun Obasanjo for obstructing the work of the National Assembly.
This turned out to become the most high profile engagement between the Executive and Legislative arms of Government in the Federal Republic of Nigeria.
Speaking about the impeachment a year later, Senator Anyim said, “if there is any evil that has bedeviled the Fourth Republic, it was the issue of impeachment”. Further explaining his exit and personal relations with President Obasanjo, Anyim stated in The Vanguard of June 9, 2003, “there was no love lost between me and the President (Obasanjo ) but I believe the President misunderstood me on certain things. When I came on, the tension was terrible. The polity, everything had been at a standstill and I had a very peculiar commitment to calm down the tension in the polity and that I did, by negotiation, dialogue, and the tension came down”.
In November 2002, after Senator Anyim had complained about the Independent Corruption Practices and Other Related Offences Commission ( ICPC), the Senate set up a committee to examine the continued relevance of the commission. In May 2003 , Senator Anyim informed an Abuja High Court judge, Justice Egbo Egbo, that the National Assembly had the power to order his arrest over his opposition to the passage of the anti- graft ICPC law by the Senate.
In August 2002, Senator Anyim declared that he was opposed to all office holders including himself from seeking a second term in office. Senator Anyim kept his word and did not seek re-election to the Senate in 2003.
Following his hiatus from politics, Senator Anyim was chosen as a candidate in the elections for Chairmanship of the PDP in January 2008. In November 2007 the chairman of the Kaduna State chapter of the PDP said that Senator Anyim would receive the votes of the entire Kaduna State delegation to the convention. In January 2008 the League of Patriotic Lawyers supported his candidature. He also gained support from the Peoples Democratic Party Youth Forum. However, in the end Prince Vincent Ogbulafor was appointed PDP chairman.
In January 2010, Senator Anyim led a delegation of 41 eminent Nigerians that called on President Umaru Yar’Adua to urgently transmit a letter of his incapacitation to the National Assembly to salvage the nation’s democracy from danger.
Senator Anyim also praised the Senate when they passed a resolution on 9 February 2010 to make Vice President Goodluck Jonathan Acting President.
In May 2011 , President Goodluck Jonathan appointed Senator Anyim Secretary to the Government of the Federation, a position he held until 2015.